Facts and figures
- India is the largest producer, accounting for 66% of global production
- Australia, India and Mexico account for 65% of world exports
- Australian production of chickpeas in 2016 was over 2,000,000 tonnes – the vast majority of this being the Desi variety
- Most Australian chickpeas are exported. Nearly 80% of all exported Australian chickpeas went to Pakistan, Bangladesh and India
币游注册In 2016, Australia produced over 2,000,000 tonnes of chickpeas (Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences). Approximately 90% of this was the Desi type.
Most Australian chickpeas are exported to India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
Weeds, pests, and diseases
币游注册The first step in weed management for chickpeas is to choose a paddock with a low broad-leaf weed burden and to not sow chickpeas into a pasture paddock. It can be difficult to control post-emergent grass weeds, depending upon their resistance status to Group A herbicides, and there is only one registered herbicide for controlling broad-leaf weeds post emergent in chickpeas.
币游注册Weed control programs rely heavily upon the use of pre-emergent herbicides, the effectiveness of which can be heavily influenced by seasonal conditions.
Chickpea exude malic acid from their leaves and stems making them taste quite bitter and unpalatable to most seedling pests. Therefore, they are quite tolerant to attack from some pests such as redlegged earth mite, lucerne flea, cutworm and pasture looper. Damage may still occur due to the lack of more palatable alternatives and crops should be checked during and after emergence so that early action can be taken if plants are being chewed and crop density is being reduced.
The main insect pest of chickpea in Australia is the larvae of Helicoverpa (native budworm), a spring pest which feeds primarily on foliage and pods. It is important to understand which species you are facing – H. punctigera is common in southern and western Australia while H. armigera is common in northern Australia and is resistant to many chemical insecticide options. This knowledge will influence the selection of chemicals for control.
Ascochyta blight is a serious disease of chickpeas. Growers need to regularly inspect their crops, particularly 10-14 days after rain events when new infections will become clearly evident. Ascochyta blight is caused by the fungus Phoma rabiei, and is managed through crop rotation, use of varieties with improved resistance, hygiene, seed treatment and fungicide application.
The main viral diseases for chickpeas are cucumber mosaic virus, alfalfa mosaic virus and best western yellow virus.
Further information on identifying and managing ascochyta blight, as well as other pests and diseases, can be found at .
Information on insect control in field crops is also available from the New South Wales Department of Primary Industry’s page on .