Bitter melon (Momordica charantia)币游注册, also known as fu qua, ampalaya, bitter gourd, balsam pear and alligator pear, is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family. It is thought to originate from the old world tropics, possibly Africa or India, but now it is widely grown throughout all tropical regions of the world.
, the national peak industry body representing Australian vegetable and potato growers. In the Northern Territory, growers of Asian vegetables, including bitter melon, are also represented by the .
Facts and figures
Bitter melon is a member of the Cucurbitaceae plant family
It is grown in hot humid climates
The major region producing bitter melon in Australia is the Northern Territory
Production practices are similar for cucumbers
Harvesting bitter melons is labour intensive and harvesting must be well-timed to ensure optimum quality
The entire Australian production of bitter melon is consumed domestically
币游注册All bitter melons produced in Australia are consumed domestically. It is usually produced on small areas of small landholdings, e.g. 0.5ha of bitter melons may be grown on properties of 5 or 20ha, in conjunction with other horticultural crops.
Map of current and potential growing regions
, and .
Additionally, quarantine issues may need to be addressed if bitter melons are marketed interstate.
币游注册Another regulatory consideration relates to the use of pesticides as there are currently no pesticides registered for use on bitter melon in Australia, however off-label use permits are available. It is necessary to check with the relevant state department for current permits.
币游注册 is an industry owned, not-for-profit on-farm assurance program, established and maintained to service the Australian fresh produce industry.
币游注册 is a leading food science organisation specialising in the HACCP Food Safety Methodology and its applications within the food and related non-food industries.
币游注册Food Standards Australia New Zealand is a bi-national Government agency. They develop and administer the , which lists requirements for foods such as additives, food safety, labelling and GM foods. Enforcement and interpretation of the Code is the responsibility of state and territory departments and food agencies within Australia and New Zealand.
is the national peak industry body representing the interests of Australian vegetable and potato growers
币游注册is the peak body for vegetable growers in the Northern Territory
Bitter melon freshly harvested
Bitter melon growing on a vine
Fresh bitter melon ready for sale at a market stall
AgriFutures Australia is the trading name for Rural Industries Research & Development Corporation (RIRDC), a statutory authority of the Federal Government established by the Primary Industries Research and Development Act 1989.
AgriFutures is a trade mark owned by Rural Industries Research & Development Corporation (RIRDC).
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