Barramundi (aquaculture)

24.05.17

Barramundi (Lates calcarifer) is considered an iconic fish of northern Australia. It is a large, majestic silver fish, which can grow to over one metre in length. It is prized by recreational fishers for its fighting spirit, is popular with diners for its mild flavour and tender, white flesh and is an important food source and spiritually important species for many Indigenous Australians. However, Lates calcarifer native fisheries go beyond Australia and the fish is known internationally as Asian sea bass, giant perch or giant sea perch. In addition to northern Australia, barramundi can be found in the Persian Gulf, South East Asia, China, southern Japan and Papua New Guinea.

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Facts and figures

  • Barramundi is a popular fish in restaurants and home cooking
  • Demand in Australia is high
  • It is farmed in all states of Australia except Tasmania
  • Fish can be grown in indoor recirculating or flow-through aquaculture (tank) systems, land-based pond operations and sea cages
  • Aquaculture operations have high infrastructure costs and require significant amounts of daily management
  • Barramundi is sold as whole chilled fish, live fish and fillets

Production status

Barramundi is farmed in all states of Australia, except Tasmania.

币游注册The size and nature of operations varies greatly, from boutique operations, usually based on tank systems, to large-scale pond or sea cage systems.

币游注册  that outlines the key diseases and provides advice on treatments and disease prevention practices. In the event of disease outbreak, producers must contact a veterinarian for assistance and notify the relevant state departmental licensing authority.

In order to limit the risk of disease, new stock should be quarantined for a minimum of two weeks before being released into the larger population.

Cannibalism may also be a problem, as barramundi are an aggressive fish and can either kill or maim each other. Even if not killed, aggression can result in fish sustaining skin damage, which can lead to infection and death. Aggressive behaviour can be managed by always ensuring the fish are well fed and graded in order to be farmed with similarly sized fish.