Azuki Beans

24.05.17

Azuki beans (Vigna angularis), also known as adzuki beans or aduki beans, are widely grown throughout East Asia and the Himalayas for its small bean, approximately 5mm long.

币游注册Azuki beans are a short season, summer crop (120 days from growing to harvest) and can be double cropped with cereals. The plant grows from 0.3-0.6m high and have yellow flowers. The cultivars most commonly grown have a uniform red coloured seed and with a distinctive white ridge on one side. However, white, black, grey and variously mottled-coloured varieties are also known.

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Facts and figures

  • Azuki beans are a short season, summer pulse crop, they are a minor crop in Australia
  • They are grown in southern and central Queensland, the north coast of New South Wales and irrigated regions of southern and central New South Wales
  • They require good farmer skill level for production, they require more management and inputs than soybeans to produce
  • Azuki beans are a high value pulse, marketed mainly into Japan but the Japanese markets can be volatile

Production status

币游注册Azuki beans are a summer growing pulse crop that is produced in southern and central Queensland, the north coast of New South Wales and irrigated regions of southern and central New South Wales. It is a minor crop in Australia, producing on average under 5,000t a year.

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Map of current and potential growing regions

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Weeds, pests, and diseases

币游注册Azuki beans are slow growing initially so need to be sown into a weed-free seedbed. There is a limited range of registered chemicals, so new growers should seek expert advice about weed management.

The beans are vulnerable to insect attack, especially leaf and pod eating caterpillars such as heliothis, lucerne seed web moth and bean pod-borer. The most significant of these is bean pod-borer. Other problem pests include green vegetable bug, thrips, aphids, bean fly and mites. An integrated pest management plan should be adopted by growers. The crops should be checked regularly for insects throughout their growing cycle, with an increase in inspection from flowering onwards.

币游注册The diseases sclerotinia and powdery mildew can cause problems for azuki bean production. A crop rotation is generally used to assist in the management of sclerotinia and appropriately registered fungicides may be used.

For further information on weed, pests and diseases of azuki beans refer to the New South Wales Department of Primary Industries’ publication . Advisors or agronomists should also be consulted for the up to date information.